The author shows the activity and development of the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) as a part of Open Distance Learning system (ODL) since it was established in 1985. The University educational offer is being intensively developed to be available for distance learners from all parts of the country. IGNOU cooperates with international organizations, such as UNESCO and it is also an important member of the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) to exchange knowledge and experiences. The text reveals that IGNOU is a part of human resources development strategy implemented by the Ministry of Education. Its goal is to provide high quality education by using innovative solutions and new technologies to make distance higher education accessible for all.