THE BROKEN TWIG AND BLASTED HEAT. SILESIAN LANDSCAPE AT THE LOOK OF POLISH PEOPLE THE TURN OF XIX AND XX CENTURY (Odrabana galazka i piekielny zar. Slaski krajobraz w oczach Polakow na przelomie XIX i XX wieku)
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Author makes an analyze visions of sceneries, which become typical landscape and polish people, who lived in times of XIX and XX century. He uses, Julian Falat's quotation - I have reserved whole strength of nature focus on polish landscapes and sceneries, which I love and which are very special to me because of my family's property. This short sketch shows, that nationality was identified by homestead land and just 'home' word in the meaning of place, where someone was born. Author underlines, the scenery, which has became the landscape and was not made by nature retrace, but it made by a description, which came from perspective of itself and spiritual image. As the final results of this theory, landscape constitutes a permanent feeling of missing for home and motherland. Moreover, the motherland was associated with landscape and bodily. From that moment, polish paintings was transformed nature into the motherland. In the second half of XIX century, polish land presented a special relationship between nationality and paintings. It influenced on period, which was connected with historical paintings. As the author has convinced, when paintings transformed nature into the motherland, then famous polish mountains became beauty, mysterious and lived as long as eternity was comprehended. This whole aspect was loaded in favour of homesickness. The most characteristic symbol was a garden or an orchard, where - as author confirms, it was possible to see domesticated sphere organized by human - this vision constitutes a homestead with virgin nature of fields and forests. In this point, author asks - is it possible to see Silesian landscape with polish language in the times of nineteenth and twentieth century as the landscape of the motherland for polish people? He gives a quick answer - the nineteenth century made the Silesian area as rediscovered space. During the half of nineteenth century the Upper Silesia was much different, than typical polish land. There were many special icons of industry networks. The well-known view of Upper Silesian landscape was consisted of fire, smoke, sounds of iron hammers and sparkles, which were the result of worked factors and steelworks. Author makes an appeal -every single detail created for strangers of amazing spectacle, which was located on the borderline of dream and daydream, reality and mythic experience.
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