Metaphor in the Structure of Conceptual Category (Based on the Material of Linguistic Conceptualization of Fear)
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The article discusses problems of language semantics representation in the cognitive theory of conceptual metaphors. The author expresses criticism concerning the explication model of meanings by G. Lakoff and M. Johnson, because it does not take into account certain important aspects of language functional semantics, and, first of all, the communicative context of language nomination and conceptualization of experience. The model of semantic (conceptual) category proposed by the author is based on propositional (predicate-argument) structures, whereas the figurative models form the level of lexicalization for separate components of basic propositional structures. The integrative model of semantic category, ambivalent to the new-positivism and phenomenology theories of meaning, is applied to describe the category of fear in modern Polish language.
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