PL EN


2009 | 7 | 51-72
Article title

PRISONERS-OF-WAR EXCHANGE SYSTEM DURING THE CIVIL WAR IN 1861-1862 (System wymiany jenców wojennych w wojnie secesyjnej w latch 1861-1862)

Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The beginning of the Civil War gave rise to the problem of a recognition of the Confederated States of America as a belligerent. Such a recognition could result from governmental activities aiming at the suppression of the uprising. An exchange of prisoners-of-war is one of the most important of these activities. From the very beginning of the conflict Abraham Lincoln's administration maintained that the exchange of prisoners-of- war with the South should not take place. At the end of 1861 both governments started informal negotiations concerning this issue. Two victorious for the Union battles - of Henry and Donelson forts - led to a suspension of talks on February 22, 1862. The negotiations were resumed on July 22, 1862 in Haxall's Landing on the river James, Virginia, where a cartel stating general conditions of the prisoner-of-war exchange was signed. Both negotiators - General Major John A. Dix (on the side of the Union) and General Major Daniel H. Hill (on the side of the Confederacy) - were authorised by their governments to settle such an agreement - called the 'Dix-Hill Cartel'. After over a year of the conflict both sides could finally exchange prisoners-of-war.
Discipline
Year
Volume
7
Pages
51-72
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Lukasz Niewinski, Bialystok (Poland), for postal address contact ther journal editor
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
10PLAAAA07734
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.7b86f31b-7f0e-38d6-91b6-ebe2b4f6ae95
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