The anxiety disorders can be treated efficiently by several psychotherapeutic methods. The suggested treatment protocol underlines the importance of the good fitting to the personal demands and the suitable combination of medication and psychotherapy. The qualitative and quantitative parameters of the input-output system of psychological therapies are verified by scientific methods. The progression of neurosciences revealed the mechanisms of basic cognitive disorders in the etiology of biopsychosocial psychological disorders that provide a continuous challenge for the psychotherapy as well. Notwithstanding this, most psychotherapists avoid the scientific discussion and the psychotherapy marches out from the clinical sciences and makes preparations for to live in a scientific diaspora. It is not to be questioned that the reasons of this exodus originated from organizational and financial problems, but the repeated mentioning of these problems cannot be deputy of the creative discussion between the neuroscientists and psychotherapists. It seems to have a correct professional language that can be replay to the new challenges in the diagnostic and therapeutic processes of psychotherapy. The study presented here surveys these areas and demonstrates some new concepts and lines of thought to enlarge the vocabulary of psychotherapy and neurosciences to understand each other.