HOW TO FOUND A PRIVATE MUSEUM? (Jak zalozyc prywatne muzeum?)
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Museums founded by private persons and institutions do not possess separate legal personality. Nonetheless, they are treated as organisational units in relation to which the regulations of the Statue on museums foresee many essential demands. In order to establish a private museum its founder should devise a special set of rules - a counterpart of the statute of a public institution. Such rules must be coordinated with the Minister of Culture and National Heritage, and only after receiving a suitable permit can a private museum begin to initiate its activity. A private museum cannot obtain the status of a cultural institution since the latter may be created exclusively by public authorities as a state or self-government museum. A private museum is not obligated to conduct economic activity, although the Statue on museums anticipates such an eventuality. Consequently, the subject running a private museum is not an entrepreneur even though the latter may create museums; state enterprises, for instance, may conduct economic activity exceeding their range and thus associated with museum ventures. The establishment of a private museum takes place in two stages, which entails the necessity of granting it two sets of rules. The creation of a private museum first produces a museum undergoing organisation, and subsequently a museum proper after the date of its opening to the public. The museum then pursues activity that encompasses rendering the permanent exhibitions, composed of its collections, available to the public.
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