WHAT IS A 'MIRACLE ARGUMENT'? A DEFENSE ATTEMPT OF SCIENTIFIC REALISM BASED ON THE FACT OF THE SCIENTIFIC SUCCESS
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The socalled 'miracle argument', or the argument from the success of science, is probably one of the best wellknown arguments in favor of scientific realism. We first present a short history of philosophical anticipations of the main idea, which can be found in the works of C. Clavius, W. Whewell and P. Duhem. Then we consider three 'classical' versions of the 'miracle argument' proposed by J.J.C. Smart, H. Putnam and R.N. Boyd. The views of tree other authors (B. van Fraassen, L. Laudan and A. Fine), critical with respect to the argument, are also briefly presented. We suggest a possible development of the 'miracle argument' by taking into account other aspects of the success in science, such as: success in the road to unification, effectiveness of mathematics in the natural sciences, success of laboratory technologies.
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