PL EN


2004 | 48 | 3 | 97-120
Article title

THE TUCHALARS (THE TSAATANS) IN THE FACE OF CHANGE. INTERPRETATIONS OF 'THE DECLINE' OF AN INDIGENOUS CULTURE

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Tuchalars (mong. Tsaatans) are a group of Tuvan reindeer breeders who remained with their herds after the closing down of a collective, kolkhoz-like enterprise in northern Mongolia. For decades they functioned within the framework of a people's state and the absurd economy of the kolkhoz. In the 1990s, when all the state companies folded up, this group of Turkish-language reindeer farmers became an attraction 'on-duty' in the emerging democratic Mongolia as well as almost the main target for various charities and NGOs. In this paper the author discusses the Tuchalars' experience of the social, economic and cultural change. In order to describe cultural dimensions of the change he uses such categories as gift, social exchange, ecology and local knowledge. The description, as it turns out, derives to large extent from the pastoral knowledge and praxis, the shamanism's worldview and particular, local economy. The interpretation of the indigenous experience of change is also an attempt to explain the rapidity of the very process - the process of 'the decline' of indigenous culture.
Contributors
  • T. Rakowski, Instytut Kultury Polskiej, Wydzial Polonistyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, ul. Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26/28, 00-927 Warszawa, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
04PLAAAA0009241
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.7e3970b8-dabd-3b90-825c-1a176a60e22d
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