Globalization is currently a key factor determining the development of world economy. Therefore, its processes are vital for particular state economies which should be noticed and appreciated in those countries. The authors deal with the problem of relationship between globalization and developmental processes in the Belorussian economy. The article places emphasis on the level of the openness of the Belorussian economy. The authors emphasize the fact of a limited share of Belarus in the global economy. At the same time, however, they point out the gradual process of internationalization of the Belorussian economy.