Mezi imanencí a náhodou : Příspěvek českého strukturalismu ke koncepci historiografie
TWIXT IMMANENCE AND CHANCE: THE CONTRIBUTION OF CZECH STRUCTURALISM TO THE CONCEPTION OF HISTORIOGRAPHY
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This paper considers the structure of history as conceived by the Prague School, seeks to show the evolution of the conception, and stresses that ways in which it may be useful in the current theoretical discussion on historiography. Its central concept is sense and the way in which sense is determined. It views sense as a structural category, and therefore focuses on how sense is generated. This question is therefore of key importance, whether sense is understood as intentionality, potentiality, or eventuality. In this context, the Prague School also considers the frequently reiterated view that to understand the sense of an event (for example, a battle, the French Revolution, or Dumas's Three Musketeers), it is necessary to activate the original context, which the given event is the product of. But is this context accessible to us? And in what form, then, is the sense of the event accessible to us? With this discovery, part of modern historiography tends to be sceptical about what man can know: 'the history we write is always, without exception, invented'. But is it not sense itself, as a structural category, which could lead us out of this scepticism? It clearly, however, must be the kind of sense whose structure is capable of conceiving both intention and chance. To what context, then, does sense belong?
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