SPOLUPRÁCA SPIŠSKONEMECKEJ STRANY S MAĎARSKÝMI POLITICKÝMI STRANAMI V REGIÓNE SPIŠA ZAČIATKOM DVADSIATYCH ROKOV A KONCOM TRIDSIATYCH ROKOV 20. STOROČIA
Cooperation of Zipserdeutsche Partei and Hungarian political parties in region of Spiš at the beginning of the 20th and at the end of the thirtieth years of 20th century
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Attitudes of German and Hungarian inhabitants who lived in Slovakia were not constant to Czechoslovak Republic. They changed under the influence of political progress. The main factors were geographical heterogeneity and different political orientations. The most important difference was between members of German minority who lived in Bratislava (gathered in Karptendeutsche Partei) and Germans who lived in Spis. Germans from Spis were pro-Hungarian orientated. Their Zipserdeutsche Partei was during its existence a branch of Hungarian parties - at first Orszagos Keresztenyiszocialista Part, then Magyar Nemzeti Part. Cooperation between these parties (ZdP and Hungarian parties) was realized through the election coalitions in 1929 and 1935. Sometimes they organized congresses of opposition parties. But later different minds between Germans and Hungarians who lived in Slovakia expanded. Representatives of German minority wanted to emancipate from Hungarian impact. In spite of that German from Spis cooperate with Hungarian parties, but Bratislava and Hauerland became a domain of Karptendeutsche Partei. In consequence of its aggression KdP was forbidden in 1938. Other German and Hungarian minority parties perished, or on their bases were formatted new parties.
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