THE SECOND POLISH REPUBLIC VERSUS THE POLISH CONCENTRATIONS ABROAD
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During the interwar period the Polish Republic worked out and realized quite a coherent model of influence on the numerous Polish communities abroad. Numerical force, specific character and the needs of particular groups, as well as the importance in foreign and interior affairs of Poland were taken into account. A particular significance was assigned to the border and indigenous communities benefiting from the privileges dispensed to the minority groups. There were also specific nationalistic needs among the people inhabiting that area. The Polish communities abroad were mainly influenced by the Republic in the fields of basic activities such as general organization, political, economical, educational and in part religious areas. Financial help, rendered by various subjects, was mostly devoted to cultural, educational and economical purposes. Financial, substantial and personnel support coming from Poland had a considerable effect on the range and form of the national activities present in numerous communities. The national activity of the Polish minorities was mostly based on the inspiration and means provided by the Second Polish Republic. The Polish associations and institutions operating among Poles abroad did not receive such extended help as they were considered secondary to the interests of the Polish state.
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