SPORT 'MANAGERS' IN POLAND DURING STALINISM (1949-1956) ('Menedzerowie' sportu w Polsce w okresie stalinizmu (1949-1956))
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In People's Republic of Poland, similar to other spheres of life, executive posts in sport were also appointed according to the system of nomenklatura. This way the authorities secured themselves a right staff selection, which was based on ide- ological criteria, for key positions in sports administration. Additional warranty of maintaining a 'right-minded' political course in sport was also the system of supervision over local committees of physical culture exercised by PZPR (Polish United Workers' Party) province committees' officials. It appeared, however, that the authorities were not able to solve the problem of the right staff selection in sport. The mechanism of control and management of sport by the above mentioned political party employment apparatus failed to function.What was missing was lack of consistent attitude of the authorities to employing prewar sports activists. In practice, throughout the whole Stalinism period, the authorities failed to deal with 'political enemies' in physical culture. Therefore staff changes made in the sports administration in Stalinism period were not of political cleansings' nature. They were rather demonstrating the application of the rule of 'class alertness' in the staff selection.
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