THE ROLE AND MEANING OF THE 'DAUGHTERS OF COVENANT' IN THE PERSIAN CHURCH IN THE FOURTH AND FIFTH CENTURY AD (Rola i znaczenie 'córek Syjonu' w Kosciele perskim w IV I V wieku)
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The unequivocally negative role of women, described as a 'harp' of Satan, find its substratum in the anthropological concept of Afrahat which is based on a particular hierarchy of creatures' virtues. Afrahat's mistrust of women did not result from the 'ontological motives', but from some practical considerations which were its source (Guillaumont). Faithfulness to the biblical concept of creation does not allow the author the complete negation of the value of women although, in the specific advice given to the 'athletes', the issue was caused to undergo various modifications. In these circumstances, there was an evidence of a radical stance in the sage's appraisement of women, namely, the principle of the degrees of good in creatures: all the works of God are good, but some are worse. It is not without good reason that the uncompromising attitude to women is most frequently found in the Demonstrations on the Sons of the Covenant and On Virginity and Holiness, which touch on the themes of virginity and celibacy.
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