INCONSISTENCY OF PERSONALITY - ADAPTIVE VALUE?
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The definitions of personality stress consistency of thought, feelings and action or individual and stable patterns of behavior. However personality disturbances mentioned in ICD-10 are described also in terms of fixed and consistent patterns of thoughts, feelings and actions. Also such phenomena as affective polarity show inadaptive consistency of personality. On the other hand there are numerous examples of inconsistency, like between automatic and conscientious processing of information, or different cognitive-emotional programs realized by two hemispheres. Other forms inconsistency one can find in temperamental organization of behavior or in self-system. Some forms of inconsistency like self-differentiation, self-complexity, self-compartmentalization, self-clarification or self-concept stability are analyzed on angle of adjustment. Some studies reveal correspondence between psychological adjustment and self-concept integration while some other exhibit correspondence between measures of self-concept complexity or differentiation and high self-esteem, low depression and/or anxiety. Thus, multifaceted self-concept in some conditions seems to have adaptive value. Also changes in the self-system which make possible creative changes and innovations in life imply some internal inconsistency. Another phenomenon of inconsistency is present in internal dialogs. In conclusion one of the most important questions concerns mechanisms which underlie consistency and inconsistency of personality. The symptoms of inconsistency of personality are evident for example in self-concept organization, complex organization of self-system, complex organization of personal goals, values and multifaceted identity or narrative and dialogical thinking. Environmental pressures also underlie inconsistency of personality.
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