PL EN


2004 | 40 | 6 | 785-805
Article title

LONGER-TERM TRENDS IN INCOME POVERTY IN THE OECD AREA

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This article reviews trends in income poverty in 26 OECD countries, including the most recent trends up to the early 2000s. Despite rather modest changes in overall poverty indicators over the long run, the structure of poverty has shifted over the years in all OECD countries, leading to higher poverty risks among younger age groups and consistently very high poverty levels among single parents - especially if they are without employment. Demographic changes have influenced these poverty trends, but they do not fully account for cross-country differentials. In turn, direct taxes and public transfers play a significant role in reducing market-income poverty, with considerably higher reduction rates in some of the European OECD countries; country differences are especially pronounced in the case of households with children. The poverty alleviation effect of tax/transfers increased in almost all OECD countries during the 1980s and early 1990s but slightly declined over the second half of the 1990s. Notwithstanding the efforts and effects of tax/transfer policies, employment remains a key factor for escaping the risk of poverty, underlining the importance of employment-oriented social policies and labour market policies that help 'make work pay'.
Keywords
Year
Volume
40
Issue
6
Pages
785-805
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • M. F. Forster, OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour, and Social Affairs, 2, rue du Conseiller Collignon, 75016 Paris, France
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
07CZAAAA03086352
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.83f64533-2844-3605-8f2a-fd082dfabaa5
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