PL EN


2011 | 59 | 2 | 165-186
Article title

Co a k čemu je logika?

Content
Title variants
EN
What is logic and what is it for?
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
In this article I deal with the general question of logical truth or, rather, with the question of what it means when we say that a sentence or a judgement is true for logical reasons. I tackle this question against the background of the most important milestones in the development of logic understood in the broadest sense that is, the projects (1) of Eleatic and Platonic dialectic; (2) Aristotle’s syllogistic approach; (3) Kant’s transcendental logic; and (4) the modern logic of Frege. In relation to the latter I indicate two kinds of influence which formed it, namely (a) the mathematical influence stemming from the problems surrounding the reformed calculus, and (b) the philosophical influence consisting in the rejection of Kant’s definition of mathematics as sciences depending on constructions in space and time. The overall result of the paper will be a critical view of the very idea of formal logic, i.e. of the canon of judgement which is applied quite generally, regardless of the given field, so influentially articulated by, for example, Descartes and Brouwer.
Keywords
EN
logic  
Year
Volume
59
Issue
2
Pages
165-186
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Filosofický časopis, redakce, Filosofický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Jilská 1, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.848923bb-b599-4254-8a60-518f2c9bcf2a
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.