One can only analyse processes which shape the intercultural dialogue efficiently in their relation to the categories of the centre and periphery. This allows for concluding whether a given culture chooses the attitude of dominance, subordination or subjection in relations with another culture. The Bulgarian-American intercultural dialogue began towards the end of the 19th century and until mid-1940s was definitely dynamic. The era of totalitarianism slowed down the active developments of contacts. The images of America in the Bulgarian literature from that time reproduced cliches and stereotypes imposed by the Soviet example and mythologized in socialist realism. The contemporary artists, publishing after 1989, expose this mythology freely and without inhibition and propose their own image of a Bulgarian-American dialogue.