CONTEMPORARY MIGRATION PROCESSES FROM POLAND - STATE OF THE ART
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Poland has been and still is a sending country and international mobility of its nationals has always played an important role in Polish history. It is quite surprising then that - except from few particular instances - international mobility has never been the subject of public debate. This has recently changed in the light of Poland's accession to the European Union. However, the evolution of that debate was somewhat peculiar. At the beginning, the discussion has stressed potentially negative consequences for the receiving countries then shifted into seeing it as an exodus of millions that is allegedly leading to highly negative outcomes for the Polish labour market and the overall society. This vision is hugely simplistic and requires an attempt from researchers o address it. The aim of the following article is to summarize main features of contemporary migration from Poland. However taking into account that international migrations are strongly embedded in history, the analysis is not limited to most recent developments, rather sees the current migrations in the light of a wider context of post-war Poland. The author tries to present a coherent picture of modern mobility of Poles using existing statistical data. It proves difficult to do as - in contrast to migrations prior to 1989 - modern mobility of Poles is rather amorphous and diverse set of behavior with such differentials as: directions of migrations, structural differences among migrants, migration strategies. Article attempts then to systemize contemporary migrations, their continuity and change and links these with the process of transformation in Poland.
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