DILTHEY AND THE CONFLICT IN THE HUMANITIES (Dilthey wobec konfliktu w humanistyce)I
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Dilthey was aware of the dilemma of the historical science in the 19th century torn between historicism that discovers the conditions of the course of history and the vision of history as universally valid knowledge of universal progress. He appreciated both visions of history, and his originality lies in giving them new meaning and sublation the contradiction and conflict among them using the concept of historical life, introducing the method of experiencing and understanding and by questioning the psychological relativism. He saw the value of historical knowledge in reconciling the knowledge of variable historical life with the discovery of permanent features of activity in different areas of civilization by systematic human sciences. In his opinion, the Enlightenment demand for a universally valid knowledge of human nature can be fulfilled in creating systematic human sciences that draw their content not from transcendental analyses (as Kant's followers proposed), but from the knowledge of the past. Dilthey's point of view still has not lost its attraction.
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