The article presents partial results of a qualitative study realized in 2006 between Czech men and women managers. The purpose of the study was to compare the situation and conditions of men and women in managerial work. It shows that the main source of inequalities is the need of conciliation of managerial work and household and family duties. The division of non-paid labor in the families of our respondents is very gender unequal. Women are responsible for largest part of tasks connected with household and childrearing, even if they live in most cases in two carrier families. On the other hand, men managers prefer to live in a traditional family arrangement and they take advantage of a female partner who devotes all her time to their household. Those differences represent a handicap for women and hinder the carriers of women managers.