HLASISTS' SOCIOLOGY OF NATION
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The article deals with the liberal youth movement 'Hlasisti' (Hlasists), associated with and named after the journal 'Hlas', at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries. The movement emergence and ideas were markedly influenced by the Czech philosopher and sociologist Tomás G. Masaryk. Under his influence, Hlasists declared their affiliation to positivism, rationalism, evolutionism and scientism. Hlasists primarily attempted to modernise and emancipate the Slovak nation, which was under threat of assimilation in the Hungarian empire. The Hlasists' sociology fulfilled an instrumental function in the Slovak national socio-political program. The Hlasists sociological thought eclectically adopted the sociological concepts developed by the acclaimed foreign scholars, granting sociology the status of well-respected though not distinctively profiled scientific discipline. The Hlasists sociology focused on the social groups among which the particular attention was paid to the nation and its formation. The Hlasists adopted the contemporary psychologising sociological concepts (later turning to voluntarist approach) in order to define on one hand the Slovak nation against 'the Others' - the Jewish and Hungarian nations, and on the other hand bringing closer together the Slovak and Czech nations through highlighting their common features. The Hlasists analysis of the social structure of the Slovak nation ascertained the inevitability to build a strong Slovak middle class. This could be accomplished through the national economic development, which in Hlasists conception of agrarianism was to take place in the Slovak countryside.
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