FROM THE RELIGIOUS OBJECT TO THE PART OF DECORATION. CONTEMPORARY CONTEXT OF CARVED CRUCIFIXES IN KURPIE REGION (Od przedmiotu religijnego do elementu dekoracji. Wspólczesny kontekst rzezbionych krucyfiksów na Kurpiowszczyznie)
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This articles focuses on carved crucifixes, works of travelling folk artists, which have survived throughout the years until the modern times in the privacy of Kurpie homes. This subject of figurative sculpture in the Kurpie region was very popular in the early twentieth century. In many houses families kept two crosses in the main room. One was small and metal while the other one large, wooden, usually made by the local artist, was set in the corner of the room. Jacek Oledzki wrote about a 'special adoration' with which crucifix was venerated. It was a testimony of establishing a house, family cross or memento of their ancestors. Nowadays this wooden sculpture is preserved only by a few families. The author focuses his attention on describing the contemporary context in which they operate and the their importance for the owners. Above all, he is interested in the role and the place of a crucifix in contemporary reality of Kurpie region. The work consists of materials 'collected' during research conducted in the framework of Ethnographic Laboratory 'Contemporary Religion: from ritual to performance' at Warsaw University in 2006 and 2007.
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