The author of this paper presents the fundamental ideas of a research project that is directed at the topical questions of the relation between language and culture in the Slovak language milieu. He focuses the attention on four aspects of this relation. (1) Language as a medium of culture. The cardinal question is how works the language as a constituent of the cultural memory. (2) Language as a medium of the formation of culture. The central problem is the role of the language in the process of creation of the mental and social culture. (3) Language as a product of culture. This aspect concerns the nature of the language perceived as a cultural phenomenon. (4) Language as an object of cultivation. The question is what a culture of the cultivation of the standard language is adequate with regard to the current conditions of his using.