FROM SKETCH DESIGNS TO 'A COLLECTION OF DRAWINGS...': MAGDALENA MORSKA'S ESTATE AT ZARZECZE (SUBCARPATHIAN VOIVODESHIP)
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Dealt with here are the pursuits of Magdalena Morska of the Dzieduszycki noble-titled family (1762-1847), founder of a palace-garden complex at Zarzecze, in Przeworsk parish, amateur-artist and author of a 'Collection of Drawings...' illustrating her estate (Zbiór rysunków wyobrazajacych celniejsze budynki wsi Zarzecza). The first part of the article is devoted to Morska's activities as a non-professional artist. In the light of archival materials, until now unpublished, inept artistic beginnings encompassed the estate in Zarzecze and, in particular her ideal 'Dutch' village (1821-1832) according to her concept. The second part is devoted to designs for ideal rural houses of the so-called Dutch type, some actually raised at Zarzecze, including peasant houses. The houses for those placed at the lowest end of the social hierarchy are included in the collection. Also, because of the manner in which the buildings are depicted this collection may be seen as created in the tradition of English 'picturesque pattern books'. In partitioned Poland, embellishing estates was identified with recreating the lost motherland (ojczyzna). Considering the home or estate to be a private free state, a notion deeply embedded in 'Sarmatian' mentality was arguably more relevant then than it had ever been. Because of the political restrictions, shaping the estate gained a wider dimension of forming the private 'ojczyzna', which compensated for the inadequacies of the actual (non-existent) State or Polish society. The work undertaken to embellish and increase the profitability of Zarzecze was an attempt at constructing idealised socio-cultural conditions.
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