2009 | 12 | 2 |
Article title

KEMAL ATATURK, TURKEY AND MASARYK´S CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Kemal Ataturk, Turecko a Masarykovo Ceskoslovensko)

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Beyond question, modern Turkey is a brainchild of political reforms. Thanks to them Turkey aspires to the prestigious European Union membership. Their depth was arranged for by the most impressive figure of Asia Minor of the 20th century: Mustafa Kemal called Ataturk. Some kind of a modern 'father of the nation' who has been a revered person, nearly a paragon of identification ever since. This is mostly true thanks to the fact that his republican revolution connected with secularization and nationalism moved the generally underdeveloped country degraded by the World War I towards developed, victorious states. His radical triumph may remotely resemble revolutionary state-forming success of Tomas G. Masaryk but mainly to that of V. I. Lenin. The latter he offered geopolitical turn in Russian relation to Turkey that was accepted with gratitude. Subsequently, after the death of both representatives, it even co-influenced the result of the second global war.
  • Pavel Kopecky, Masarykova Univerzita, Brno, Czech Republic;
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