Exkurs do historie Banátské vojenské hranice s přihlédnutím k vzniku českých enkláv na jejím území
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EXCURSION TO THE HISTORY OF THE BANAT MILITARY FRONTIER WITH REGARD TO THE EMERGENCE OF CZECH ENCLAVES ON ITS TERRITORY
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The essay concentrates on interpretation of historical colonisation processes of today's Serbian and Rumanian Banat where the Banat Military Frontier was formed in the 18th century. Formation of the Banat Military Frontier inspired transmigration of settlers from the entire Habsburg Empire who protected the borderline. Numerous groups of Czech citizens who had been settling down there since the second half of the 18th century migrated together with them. The essay explains the origin of Czech enclaves/diasporas. It brings new facts to the existing knowledge on the emergence of Czech-populated settlements (e.g. St. Elene, Ablian and Kruscica). The author drew from archival research in the State Archive of Rumanian Timişoara and the Regional Archive of Bela Crkva in Vojvodina. Newly located archival resources can uproot certain traditional myths that appear in ethnological literature on the Czech minority in Banat.
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