2011 | 59 | 1 | 149-188
Article title

TWO MEDIEVAL ALLOTMENTS IN KOSICE (Dve stredoveke parcely v Kosiciach)

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Archaeological excavation on the allotment 767 at the Kovacska Street position ranks among the biggest ones concerning house allotments in Kosice. In the past the researched area was a part of Franciscan monastery and it was probably a courtyard. There are no written sources documenting the time when the Franciscans settled in Kosice and history of the area before their approach. Contemplations on the importance of Kovacska Street in the transformation process of the pre-colonization settlement into a medieval city were motivated first of all by its historical name Platea Sclavorum or Windische Gasse (i. e. Slovak Street). The archaeological excavation allowed learning dispositions of two Gothic stone houses, defining their position toward the street and partially reconstructing size and shape of the two vanished medieval allotments. Concerning the houses 1 a 2, foundations of one-roomed buildings with disconnected stairway were preserved, which is one of the basic types of the Gothic urban stone architecture at our territory. This is a double-floored one-winged house with lower floor partially sunken into earth. The first floor, as usual, had only one room, the second floor was mostly double-roomed, divided with a wall set on a stone arched line in the lower floor. Construction of the houses 1 and 2 can be dated into the middle of the 14th century; they vanished probably during the first half of the 15th century. Apart from architecture made of stone, 17 medieval features were revealed during the excavations. They were shallow pits or burnt layers or hearths. Most of them were connected with the activities on the allotments during the houses existence and they can be dated into the 14th - first half of the 15th centuries. Only one pit had bigger size, from which an important assemblage of top medieval pottery dated to the second half of the 13th up to the first third of the 14th centuries was obtained. The assemblage ranks among the biggest ones in the town.
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  • Mgr. Rastislav Rusnak, PhD., Archeologicky ustav SAV, Vyskumne pracovne stredisko, Hrnciarska 13, 040 01 Kosice
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