PL EN


2007 | 35 | 4 | 63-89
Article title

'HYLE' AND 'AGATHON'. MANICHAEAN DUALISM AND ITS ANALOGUE IN PLATO'S METAPHYSICS OF PRINCIPLES

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Both Manichaeism and esoteric Platonism (Plato's 'agrapha dogmata') have an ontological core that is characterized as a strict dualism of primary principles called the Matter (Hyle), and the Good (Agathon). In this context it is certainly a well- posed question whether there is some structural or even phenomenological similarity between these two distinct views concerning a fundamental nature of reality. The article proceeds first to discuss the ontological dualism and theological monotheism of Manichaean gnostic system and then to demonstrate its essentially Judeo-Christian character showing up vividly in its overtly monotheistic formulations concerning the power of the Good (God). The esoteric Platonic teachings are briefly sketched as reconstructed in the so-called Tübingen School, and their central metaphysical dualism is considerably accentuated. Finally, the author presents the set of similarities and dissimilarities between Platonic and Manichaean dualism, and shows that they are essentially comparable on the structural level, despite the fact that they were produced in quite different historical and spiritual 'milieu'. The similarity in perceiving the bipolar structure of reality is stressed, with the different modes of cognition involved (Platonic 'theoria-noesis-epopteia', and Manichaean 'gnosis-apokalypsis').
Year
Volume
35
Issue
4
Pages
63-89
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • M. Woszczek, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Instytut Filozofii, ul Szamarzewskiego 89c, 60-568 Poznan, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
08PLAAAA03557234
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.8b75beb7-0dee-3163-bed9-78833867d4f3
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.