Non-destructive research of historical objects makes possible to collect valuable information concerning technical construction and the state of preservation. Observations and analyses carried out in visible light, UV, infrared as well as under the impact of X-ray radiation provide an image of the object's surface and its inner structure. The outcome obtained in this manner is registered most often in the form of digital photographs. Such a form of recording together with suitable computer techniques create the possibility of systematizing and making informations collected from the photograph more precise. Presented publication deals with the possibility of applying computer analysis techniques into nondestructive studies of works of art. This is an attempt at elaborating a method (or a tool) which will improve the examination of historical objects. The example of three selected objects from the collections of the National Museum in Krakow presents various possibilities of computer analysis as well as its application in suitable research. Such a method could become useful in assessing the state of the preservation of the object as well as its technical structure or manner of execution. The article, of a purely reconnaissance nature, is a collective publication of the Laboratory of Non-Destructive Analysis and Research of Historic Objects of the National Museum in Krakow and the Strata Mechanics Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow.