Světové dějiny raného novověku v české historické vědě po roce 1989: dědictví, změny a přísliby
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EARLY MODERN WORLD HISTORY IN THE CZECH HISTORICAL SCIENCE AFTER 1989: HERITAGE, CHANGE, PROMISES
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This article covers the principal themes, outcomes, institutions and personalities of the Czech historiography of the early modern world history after 1989. The authoress gives an analysis of the starting conditions, i. e. the state of research, reflecting ideological, theoretical and thematic heritage of totalitarian history writing with all its restrictions and confinements. Then she defines the principal spheres of interest in the early 1990s: political, diplomatic and military history of wars and colonial expansion, its outstanding leaders and trading companies, i. e. typical history of 'kings and battles'. The other field relatively well developed was a history of the Latin America and the related Roman world: Spain and Portugal, their military and political impact but also their cultural influence in the newly gained territories. This territorial orientation was supported by the multiple early modern relations between Vienna and Madrid, personalized also in the members of the Bohemian high nobility who, spending years in diplomatic services, kept intensive cultural contacts even after their return. The registration, catalogization and description of the Latin items in the noble libraries and book collections (original or re-constructed) are an important part of mapping Czech relations with abroad, as well as the research in the travelling of Czech Jesuit missionaries to Spanish American colonies. Later in the 1990s, the theoretical influences of contemporary Western historiography invaded radically the Czech history writing including the field of world history. Interdisciplinary approaches, methods of new social and cultural history, complex relations between social, cultural, ideological and linguistic spheres attracted attention of many researchers. They applied them in 'territorial' sense (new views on Anglo-Saxon countries) as well as in 'thematic' one (the images and reception of 'the other' - nation, race, gender, faith, criminals and marginalized people; historical dynamics of social institutions and informal groupings). The Czech research in and interpretation of early modern world history has been undergoing gradual change, with the analytical, structural, socio-linguistic and cultural themes and approaches gaining ground. As a result of this process, the first attempts to conceptualize newly the principal events and features of European and American early modern civilization were published.
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