PROTECTION OF HUMAN DIGNITY UNDER UE LAW AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS OF COMPETENCE OF STATE AUTHORITIES
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This article deals with the issue of protection of human dignity under EU law, in particular Article 1 and Chapter I of the Charter of Fundamental Rights. The underlying idea of the obligation to protect human dignity manifests itself in the obligation to respect everyone, even those who lack conscience or are not capable to feel pain, or unable to defend their rights by themselves, the obligation which determines the limits of autonomy and includes the prohibition against infringement of subjectivity and individuality (inalienability of dignity). The level of protection of human dignity under EU law was referred, in the article, to the standard of protection of human dignity specified in Poland's Constitution. Protection of human dignity is an underlying principle of Poland's Constitution, which cannot be violated by direct delegation of competence to the European Union. From the Constitution there ensue the following obligations of the Polish public authorities within the scope competence delegated to the EU: - to negotiate the content of agreements which provide a basis for the delegation of competence in such a way, that they would correspond, to the fullest possible extent, to the constitutional model of protection of individual rights. Failure to follow this procedure will make the act of delegation unconstitutional; - to undertake (by Polish representatives) action within legislative and opinion-making bodies, with an aim to accomplish the constitutional model of protection individual rights and, in particular, to refrain from action which would infringe constitutional standards. Failure to do so would result in constitutional accountability or penal responsibility; - bring actions before the European Court of Justice for the purpose of annulment of secondary legislation or for securing their interpretation in line with primary legislation corresponding with the main foundations of the constitutional model of human rights protection. Failure to do so would result in constitutional accountability; - to interpret, apply and perform the obligations imposed by Community law in a way that would conform with the constitutional model of individual rights protection.
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