DETERMINANTS OF LITERARINESS SET IN A PRAGMATIC PERSPECTIVE (Wyznaczniki literackosci w perspektywie pragmatycznej)
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This article discusses one of the consequences of obliteration of the borderline between semantics and pragmatics, as part of a holistic model of cognition. For literary studies, the category of discourse may appear the key one, however, not within the meaning of a Foucaultian 'discursive formation' inside which subjects of utterance are perfectly exchangeable but instead, the one understood in terms of discourse as a form of subjective action, inclusive of anything it consists in and what makes it possible. According to D. Maingueneau, any individual instance of sounding-off in the area being socially perceived as literature is by necessity accompanied, in the first place, by: legitimisation of utterance as a 'constitutive discourse' and the inevitably ensuing problematic positioning of the author in a social space ('paratopia (paratopy)') and a peculiar arrangement of the system of speech ('staging') for the use of a specific act of speech. Together with the other aspects defining the fundamentally discursive specificity of literature, discussed is the by-far-neglected nature of relations occurring between the writer's subjective involvement, the institutional dimension of the verbal act, and, the status of text that has joined the literary circulation.
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