The contribution deals with a limited or selected choice of the certain kinds of food for the various social groups during socialism. The author pays attention to the obtaining and preparation of a food. The author analyzes the selected set of the culinary recipes and makes the conclusions concerning the relation between the developmental conditions (economic system, socio-cultural processes) and the manifestations of culinary culture during 1970s and 1980s in the former Czechoslovakia. He also considers the function of a food as a sign of the social status. The annex includes 24 food recipes of the investigated group with commentaries.