IS THE ETHNIC ECONOMIC SYSTEM A BETTER ALTERNATIVE FOR IMMIGRANTS AS THE SEGMENTED LABOUR MARKET?
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The article analyses the integration process of the immigrants coming from the non-member states of the EU into the labour market in the Spanish province of Almeria. A main characteristic of the labour market the immigrants enter into is its segmentation. The immigrants are engaged in a labour that is regarded by the majority society as a less valuable due to its precariousness, temporary character, and low wages. Some of the immigrants make attempts to avoid the segmented labour market by starting their own business. Thus, they create an ethnic economic system wherein the employers as well as the employees speak their mother tongue, come from the same ethnic group, and whose products are designated for their own ethnic community. The ethnic economy combines some of the features of both primary and secondary labour markets. It appears to become an alternative for only those immigrants who have an opportunity to start or to manage the entrepreneurial activities.
- Ángeles Arjona Garrido, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación, Departamento de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales, Universidad de Almería, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, La Canada de San Urbano 04120, Almería (Espana)
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