Argentinská španělština: mezi indiánskými jazyky a italštinou
ARGENTINE SPANISH: BETWEEN THE INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES AND ITALIAN
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The article opens with a brief overview of past and present research activities in the field of Argentine Spanish, and of the most important publications in recent years. Then it summarizes the most important characteristics of Argentine Spanish in its phonetic, morphosyntactic and lexical levels. Based on a comparison of several important peculiarities, like the pronunciation of the /y-/ at the beginning of a syllable, the /-s/ at the end of a syllable and the phenomenon voseo, which affects pronouns and verb morphology, the article points out the main differences between the regional varieties of Argentine Spanish. Finally, the article gives a brief description of Argentine dialect zones, pointing out the historical, social and linguistic causes of the variation of Argentine Spanish.
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