ABOUT WORK AND CELEBRATIONS IN THE FORMER KOLKHOZ VILLAGE IN UKRAINIAN CARPATHIANS (O pracy i swietowaniu w pokolchozowej wsi w ukrainskich Karpatach)
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The author tries, to some extent, to fill up the gap in the research on the impact of socio-economic transformations in Ukraine on rural communities. The article discusses selected aspects of everyday life of the inhabitants of a small village in the Eastern Bieszczady Mountains. The discussion is based on fieldwork conducted by the author in 2007. The everyday life in a former kolkhoz village is focused on work, mainly backward farming and breeding. Because the profits are low, social pathologies develop, among them mainly alcoholism. Only a small group of people are better off; they knew, at the right time, how to cope at the times of transformations. The 'social diseases' affect even those, who, like the village leader or priest, should serve as an example for the local community. Celebrations, partly religious but predominantly lay ones, introduce some change to the dullness of everyday life. Celebrations create an opportunity to meet with the relatives and neighbours. However, they are always accompanied by alcohol. Work and free time alike are good occasions to drink. Drinking is like an everyday ritual, treated as a kind of 'catalyst', affecting social relations and making life in the changing reality easier.
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