Grammatica fidei: Katecheze „po Wittgensteinovi“
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CATACHESIS AFTER WITTGENSTEIN
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The author suggests an application of Wittgenstein's (1889-1951) theory of language games in catechesis. Catechesis should be more embracing of rules of Christian thinking and action than learning of propositions. Following Wittgenstein's thoughts, D. Z. Phillips (b. 1934) presents such rules in the perspective of philosophy of religion and G. A. Lindbeck (b. 1923) in the field of dogma. Lindbeck demonstrates that this approach is in coincidence with ancient Church catechesis, which was more an introduction to Christian life than a theoretical lecture. Religious education can be compared with the learning of a foreign language. The goal of such education is a skilled speaker (Christian) who is able to distinguish what is possible in a particular language (in Christianity). He/she does not simply repeat sentences or behaviors but he/she is able to create new ones. Lindbeck argues especially against a liberal catechesis. The author of this paper nevertheless rejects the opinion that Lindbeck accepts Wittgensteinian fideism that is contradictory to Christianity.
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