RECENT COPPER AENEOLITHIC FINDS FROM SLOVAKIA (Neuere äneolithische Kupferfunde aus der Westslowakei)
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The first stratified find of a copper dagger fragment excavated at the Ludanice-group settlement in Budmerice is presented in the article. Its shape and dimensions rank the dagger among those of the Bodrogkeresztur type, which use to be connected with the homonymous group settled in the Tisa basin. In addition to the one from Budmerice, more daggers from Aszod, Budapest-Rakoscsaba, Godolo, Pilisszanto and Banhida in Hungary can be added to the Ludanice group. The dagger was made of arsenical copper what made it different from those of pure copper that are typical of the Bodrogkeresztur group. Daggers of the Lengyel-culture Ludanice group are presupposed to be made at another copper production centre than the Bodrogkeresztur group. The settlement existed during the older phase of Ludanice group (Epilengyel/Lengyel IV), which was simultaneous with the Tiszapolgar group. Assuming this, the dagger from Budmerice is older than those of the Bodrogkeresztur group, which on the Ludanice group territory were replaced with the Male Levare-type daggers that belong to the horizon of Bajc-Retz pottery ornamented with grooved punctures. A hooked spiral of the Hlinsko type from an inhumation grave at Nitrianske Pravno-Vysehradne settlement increases the number of finding places with this adornment and together with spirals from a cave nearby Liskova it proves the settlement spreading toward mountainous regions of Slovakia in the horizon of pottery with grooved punctures.
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