Since at least mid eighties of the twentieth century Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic has been perceived in Serbian social life not only as a language reformer, but first of all as a founder of Serbian national ideology. The thesis credited to him about one Serbian nation using one common language (based on stokavian dialect) although belonging to various confessions and living in different countries, has been developed both by the group of linguists close to Pavle Ivic, as well as followers of radical national concepts - authors and signatories of The Declaration about the Serbian Language. Anyway, those groups have been heavily conflicted. The third national stream in Serbia treats Vuk's tradition negatively. It comes from the group of people connected with the Serbian Orthodox Church, cultivating the national idea typical for so called 'svetosavlje'. According to this concept Karadzic is main originator of Serbian nation misfortune within recent 200 years. He led to language impoverishment and intelectual diminishment of Serbs, also by breaking with orthodox tradition, he gave the Serbs over for a prey to Vatican and degenerate nations of Western Europe.