AGRICULTURAL, RURAL AND PEASANT ISSUE. OLD/NEW DILEMMAS
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The term 'issue' is a synonym of the word 'problem' which designates phenomena that are negative and troublesome, that - as it is believed, call for changes, improvement or elimination. The domination of liberal orientation contributes to the emergence of successive issues because this orientation, unlike conservative concepts, envisages the need and possibility of interference in social matters with the purpose of introducing corrections, which makes it easier to indicate more and more problems. Questions relating to the agrarian segment have always been assessed as particularly difficult and the rural regions understood as an environment inhabited by a population representing a specific human, social and cultural capital is being frequently described in the categories of an 'condemned subject'. It is also a fact that the mentioned problems intensify in step with the decline in the agricultural sector's share in and significance for the economy and reduction in the number of rural population. The peasants, once perceived in the categories of a social class, seem to be losing their political distinctness, turning either into a vocational group of agriculturalists - as it was envisaged to happen in Poland, or into farmers - as it happened in the West.
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