AZILIANISATION - THE PROCESS OF ADAPTATION THE HUNTERS-GATHERERS GROUPS TO THE CLIMATIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSFORMATIONS DURING THE LATE GLACIAL PERIOD (Azylianizacja - proces dostosowania sie ...do przemian... póznego glacjalu)
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The aim of the paper is the analysis of changing patterns of human behaviour in relation to climatic changes of the Late Glacial in Europe. Paleoclimatic data support the view that amelioration of such factors as temperature and humidity led to the North migration of reindeer herds and horses to the steppe uplands and later growing domination of forest fauna. Specific time frame and region allow us to characterize the complexity of lithic technological variability and observe how hunter-gatherer groups adapted to changing climatic conditions during two warmer Late Glacial oscillations: Boelling and Alleroed. The prevalence and spreading of the bow and arrows inspired new hunting methods and caused changes in lithic technology.
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