GNIEWOSZ - JADWIGA - WILHELM. A CRITIQUE OF 'ANNALES' BY JAN DLUGOSZ
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The article deals with an account of Dlugosz about the efforts made by Wilhelm Habsburg to marry the Polish Queen Jadwiga. According to the cronicler, Wilhelm officialy arrived in Cracow in 1385, and then, disguised as a merchant, again in 1386 and 1388. The author claims that Dlugosz took this information from Austrian croniclers (probably via sources of Teutonic Order origin), supporting Wilhelm's attempts to win the Polish crown, i.a. by providing false data about the marriage of Jadwiga and Wilhelm and the coronation of the Austrian prince as the king of Poland. The falsehood of this tradition is, according to the author of the article, indicated by the absence of Polish information (as well as from the third countries) in contemporary sources mentioning Wilhelm's visits and connected events; the hostility of the Polish lords towards the candidature of the Austrian prince and the possibility of halting his entourage along the Polish frontier (which was the furthest that Wilhelm could have reached in 1385); the young age of Jadwiga (who was 11 years old in 1385), which rendered her incapable of consumming the marriage and of the behaviour ascribed to her by Długosz; open resistance against the will of the Polish dignitaries, her custodians, making her way from Wawel Castle to the town in order to secretly meet the Habsburg prince and, finally, an atempt to force her way with an axe throught the closed castle gate. Another untrue piece of information recorded by Dlugosz related to Gniewosz of Dalewice, purportedly the most important ally of the Habsburg candidate to the Polish throne, who in 1389 was to have accused Jagiello of adultery since Jadwiga was the beloved wife of the Austrian ruler. Actually, at the end of the fourteenth century this particular lord was a close associate of Jagiello, a status that would have been impossible if he had made such serious charges against the monarch.
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