INTRANSITIVITY/TRANSITIVITY AS THE SYNTACTIC FEATURE OF SEMANTIC INFORMATION. THE CASE OF ADJECTIVE COMPLEMENT RESULTATIVE VERBS
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In this paper the authoress presents an analysis of semantic-syntactic interdependence of resultative verbs with an adjective as a resultative complement in Modern Chinese. Within a wide range of semantic-syntactic correlation of resultative complement compounds there is one category worth analysing closely, since it possesses distinctive semantic features typical of an attributional group. This category is that of stative verbs. These resultatives carry both attributive and manner information, conditioned by their interrelation with the nominals or the verb in the sentence. In the traditional approach to such a compound verb, which is formally composed of a verb in combination with a postverb, the V1 implies an action or a process and, broadly spoken, the V2 extends the action/process of the verb V1 towards some kind of resulting state. There are verb-result forms where the second element possesses neither an action nor a process information and thus has nothing to do with activity or inducement. Commonly known as a stative verb, it expresses a state or a manner. Although both a verb and a stative verb act in Modern Chinese as a predicate, the distinctive behaviour of adjectives, in fact acting as intransitive verbs complementing transitive/itransitive verbs, is to be analysed with respect to the relation to the nominals.
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