PL EN


2005 | 27 | 53-70
Article title

BULGARIA'S NATIONALITY PROBLEMS IN THE 20TH CENTURY

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The first part of the article presents the historical context for the shaping of ethnic relations in the territory of contemporary Bulgaria. A statistical analysis of the ethnic composition of Bulgaria from the period of 1900 to 2001 demonstrates that, at the beginning of the 20th century, some 80 percent of the population of this country were ethnic Bulgarians. The most numerous minority were Muslim Turks. Despite massive political and demographic-social transformations, the numerical proportions of Bulgars and Turks have not change dramatically. The central section of the article takes a historical approach to the situation in Bulgaria in the interwar period, during World War Two, and in the Communist times. On the basis of statistical data from consecutive censuses, the evolution of the nation's ethnic structure is examined, with particular attention devoted to the issue of Macedonians and the so-called Pomacy - Muslims who speak the Bulgarian language. The conflict between Bulgarian authorities and the Turkish population in the 1980s is also discussed. The main part of the study discusses the ethnic situation of contemporary Bulgaria. Conclusions are based on the census of 2001, which surveyed nationality, language, and religion and presents a breakdown of the ethnic composition of Bulgaria's population. There are separate analyses for the entire country and for its 28 individual counties, which clearly illustrate the numbers and distribution of the ethnic Bulgarian population as well as the country's major national minorities (Turks, Pomacy, and Roma).
Keywords
Year
Issue
27
Pages
53-70
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • P. Eberhardt, Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania PAN, ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warszawa, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
06PLAAAA00761872
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.954eb9ed-4d5c-318c-bfcb-ffb9148b54a8
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