Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2008 | 39 | 2 | 71-80

Article title

Information-seeking behaviour of sniffer dogs during match-to-sample training in the scent lineup


Title variants

Languages of publication



Qualitative and quantitative changes in dogs' information-seeking behaviours during the subsequent phases of operant conditioning training using a scent lineup, were investigated. Particular interest was paid to behaviours which may have an impact on errors committed by dogs at work in a scent lineup and thus on the reliability of the canine identification of humans on the base of scent. Significant individual differences were found in dogs' performance in operant conditioning during match-to-sample trials. The style and time of sniffing the pattern scent sample as well as the searching time and number of stations sniffed in the lineup were found to influence the percentage of errors (false positive and false negative indications) made by dogs. The effects of the dogs' routine e.g. omitting stations, using other cues than olfactory ones (visual) and effects of the non-verbal communications between handler and dog have been discussed.








Physical description

source-id: PPB_39_2\834004JL6342477X.xml

Document type



  • Tadeusz Jezierski, Instytut Genetyki i Hodowli Zwiwrzat PAN, ul. Postepu 1, Jastrzebiec, 05-552 Wólka Kossowska, Poland


  • Bednarek, T., (1998).Podstawowe zagadnienia z badań osmologicznych.[Basic issues concerning scent examination]Problemy Kryminalistyki, 222. 32-34.
  • Bednarek T., & Sutowski G., (1999).Schemat ekspertyzy z zakresu kryminalistycznych badań śladów zapachowych.[Scheme of expertise of forensic scent trace examination].Problemy Kryminalistyki, 224, 5-11.
  • Brisbin, I. L. Jr, & Austad, S. N., (1991). Testing the individual odour theory of canine detection.Animal Behaviour, 42, 63-69.
  • Dröscher, V. B. (1971).Świat zmysłów[World of senses]. Warsaw. PWN.
  • Fiset, S., Gagnon, S., & Beaulieu, C., (2000). Spatial encoding of hidden objects in dogs (Canis familiaris).Journal of Comparative Psychology, 114, 4, 315-324.
  • Fjellanger, R., Andersen, E. K., & McLean I. G., (2002). A training program for filter-search mine detection dogs.International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 15, 277-286.
  • Gawkowski, M., Godlewski, J., Misiewicz, K., Rogowski M., (1998).Osmologia w pigułce.[Principles of osmology].Policyjny Biuletyn Szkoleniowy.(Ed.) Wyższa Szkoła Policji, Szczytno.
  • Gawkowski, M., (2000).Identyfikacja osoby na podstawie śladu zapachowego.[Identification of humans on the base of individual scent]. Unpublished Edition of the Police Training Centre, Legionowo, Poland, 38 pages.
  • Hepper, P. G., & Wells, D. (2005). How many footsteps do dogs need to determine the direction of an odour trail?Chemical Senses, 30, 291-298.
  • Jezierski T., Bednarek T., Górecka A., Gebler E., & Stawicka A., (2003). Czynniki wpływające na niezawodność identyfikacji osób na podstawie śladów zapachowych przez psy specjalne. [Factors influencing the reliability of identifications of humans on the base of scent sample by specially trained dogs]. In: E. Gruza, T. Tomaszewski & M. Goc (Eds).Problemy Współczesnej Kryminalistyki[Problems of Contemporary Forensic Science], 8, 2, 207-215. Polish Society of Forensic Science, University of Warsaw Faculty of Law and Administration.
  • Marchlewska-Koj, A., (1998).W świecie ssaków - komunikacja węchowa.[In the world of mammals - the olfactory communication]. Wrocław. Seria: Nauka dla Wszystkich. Wydawnicywo Ossolineum.
  • Settle, R. H., Sommerville, B., McCormick J., & Broom, D. M., (1994). Human scent matching using specially trained dogs.Animal Behaviour, 48, 1443-1448.
  • Schoon, G. A. A., (1996). Scent identification lineups by dogs (Canis familiaris); experimental design and forensic application.Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 49, 257-267
  • Schoon, G. A. A., (1997). Scent identification by dogs (Canis familiaris): A new experimental design.Behaviour, 134, 531-550.
  • Schoon, G. A. A., (1998). A first assessment of the reliability of an improved scent identification line-up.Journal of Forensic Science, 43, 1, 70-75.
  • Schoon, G. A. A., & de Bruin, J. C., (1994). The ability of dogs to recognize and cross-match human odours.Forensic Science International, 69, 111-118.
  • Sommerville, B. A., Settle, R. H., Darling, F. M. C., & Broom, D. M., (1993). The use of trained dogs to discriminate human scent.Animal Behaviour, 46, 189-190.
  • Soproni, K., Miklosi, A., Topal, J., Csanyi, V., (2001). Comprehension of human communicative signs in pet dogs (Canis familiaris).Journal of Comparative Psychology115, 2, 122-126.
  • Soproni, K., Miklosi, A., Topal, J., Csanyi, V., (2002). Dogs' (Canis familiaris) responsiveness to human pointing gestures.Journal of Comparative Psychology, 116, 1, 27-34.
  • Thesen, A., Steen, J. B., & Døving K. B. (1993). Behaviour of dogs during olfactory tracking.Journal of Experimental Biology, 180,247-251.
  • Tomaszewski T., & Girdwoyn P., (2006). Scent identification evidence in jurisdiction (drawing on the example of judicial practice in Poland).Forensic Science International, 162, 191-195.

Document Type

Publication order reference


CEJSH db identifier

YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.