In recent years the rural population has been characterised by dynamic migration behaviours. There still exists a large migration potential attributable to excessive labour resources, to the weakness of local labour markets and lower earnings in comparison with incomes earned by the urban population. Despite the diminishing profitability of finding employment abroad and an improvement in the conditions prevailing at home (lower unemployment, acreage payments for farmers) the tendency towards migration continues. The residents of villages, farmers included, show a predisposition to earn money in the lower segments of the labour market, which can be attributed to some features of their ethos as well as to their attitudes and skills. Some of these features are alien to the younger generation of rural residents who are determined to become educated in order to win in the future a better position on labour markets in Poland or abroad.