PROBES AND MORALITIES (Ján Johanides: 'Sukromie')
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The study 'Probes and Moralities' is an interpretation of the collection of novelettes called 'Sukromie' (The Privacy) written by Johanides. It was published in 1963. The same way as the novel 'Narcis' (Narcissus) written by Sloboda it belongs to the most discussed books in the 60th. The book of Johanides became in the scene of contemporary relations (political changes after 1956, giving up of the canon of the Socialist Realism of the 50th ), an symptomatic and representative opus. There are opinions, new aesthetic and philosophical concepts popular in new generation of prose authors; they try to express them through an individual creative gesture. Many critics try to make connections between these literary works and modern philosophical and literary trends (mainly with Existentialism and French new novel). From the point of form and genre Johanides does experiments with the plot and narrative strategies, he creates variants of the narrator's position and he models a literary space and time. His interpretations are rooted in the theoretical concepts of P. Ricoeur, M. Bachtin, J. Derrida, D. Hodrová and N. Krausová. In the end of his study the author states that there is a dominant thematically ideological line over the formally stylistic variety of the prose of Johanides, which carries moral and psychological core.
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