Effects of Liberalization in Agricultural Trade. A Simulation Study Based on General Equilibrium Model
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The article is devoted to the analysis of potential impact of liberalization of trade in agricultural commodities (the Doha Round of WTO) on the economies of Poland and several other selected countries (Czech Republic, Slovakia, France, Brazil and the US). Three proposals on trade liberalization, submitted by European Communities, the US and G-20 (a group of developing countries) are presented and compared. The simulation of potential effects of custom duties reduction, provision of financial support as well as of the elimination of export subsidies, based on the computable general equilibrium model (GTAP), indicates that for the European countries changes in trade flows would relatively be insubstantial. Poland, from trade liberalization, might derive certain benefits in the production of live animals, dairy products and certain grains.
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