2006 | 130 | 1 | 14-22
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In this talk, the author applies the tenets of the Prague School concerning the emergence of literary language to the oeuvre of Ferenc Faludi (1704-1779). With a detailed discussion of his 'A book of notes', he tries to support the claim that Faludi was, above all, a stylistic innovator. In particular, he investigates the way two specific features of literary language that the Prague School emphasized occur in Faludi's work: a) the polifunctionalism of linguistic tools and hence their higher level of differentiation, and b) intellectuality, i.e., the elaboration of - mainly lexical and syntactic - tools that make language capable of representing higher levels of abstraction and accurately expressing the logical process of thinking, including its complexity. With respect to polifunctionalism, the author claims that Faludi was interested in the whole of language; however, his main aim was to polish Hungarian and to deliberately increase its stylistic power. He renewed the literary form of 'song', and experimented with a number of literary genres. But his most important contribution to literary style (and Hungarian in general) was the introduction of linguistic-stylistic tools for a range of various stylistic shades. All that was also served by his activities as a translator. He also contributed to the intellectuality of literary language, the increase of means of expression of higher-level thinking in several ways (word formation, compounding, preverb-verb combinations, reduplication, proverbs, specialized terms, attributive constructions, etc.). Briefly: he was a bold word selector and word creator: a stylistic innovator.
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